Test Your Knowledge

Choose the best answer based on your reading of Module 8

  1. What is currently the best way to apply stem cell replacement therapy to cure diabetes?
    1. Transplant bone marrow cells into the patient.
    2. Generate iPS cells from the patient’s skin and transform them into pancreatic beta cells and inject them into the patient’s pancreas.
    3. Generate embryonic stem cells using SCNT and the patient’s sperm or eggs and transform them into pancreatic beta cells and inject them into the patient’s pancreas.
    4. There is no established method to use stem cells to cure diabetes.

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  2. What are the serious health risks associated with anti-rejection drugs?
    1. Infections and cardiovascular diseases
    2. Infections and neural diseases
    3. Infections and low immunity
    4. Infections and renal failure

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  3. Which surgical transplantation is the only established and successful use of stem cells?
    1. Lungs transplantation
    2. Bone marrow transplantation
    3. Kidney transplantation
    4. None of the above

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  4. Which is the best tissue source for bone marrow transplantation?
    1. Autologous transplant
    2. Syngeneic transplant
    3. Allogeneic transplant
    4. None of the above

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  5. Which disease is showing the most progress to be treated using bone-marrow derived stem cells?
    1. Diabetes
    2. Cancer
    3. Cardiovascular disease
    4. Duchenne muscular dystrophy
    5. Difficult to tell at this time

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  6. Why does taking antidepressant drugs require several weeks before a therapeutic effect is seen?
    1. Because the patient’s immune system must get used to the new drugs.
    2. Because the drugs stimulates endogenous stem cell differentiation into new neurons and dendrites in the patient.
    3. To increase the profits of the drug companies.
    4. None of the above

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  7. The lack in which cell causes male-pattern baldness?
    1. Stem cell
    2. Follicle cell
    3. Progenitor cell
    4. None of the above

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  8. Why did the FDA approve Geron’s proposal to test the effects of stem cell replacement for spinal cord injury?
    1. No one could understand Geron’s 22,000 page proposal to the FDA
    2. There is no effective treatment for spinal cord injury and this method may offer a treatment
    3. The pressure from patient interest groups is very high to test whether stem cell replacement might work in a clinical situation.
    4. Geron reported that stem cell replacement therapy improved 100% of the rat with spinal cord injuries.

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  9. The best place to receive stem cell therapy is
    1. United States
    2. China
    3. Myanmar
    4. Fiji Islands

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  10. The FDA approves clinical trials based upon which of the following criteria
    1. Submission by a big pharmaceutical company
    2. Animal studies showing efficacy
    3. Need to treat a disease
    4. A long report that no one understands or has time to read

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